||Volume 20, Number
1, September 2007
Teacher-librarians in BC
BCTF research on staffing
Teacher-librarians in BC are certified teachers typically with further education beyond a bachelor degree in teacher-librarianship. The role of the teacher-librarian has been described as involving two main areas. One is to provide instruction for all grade levels in research skills and reading, and to enhance information and technological literacy. The second area is the development, maintenance, and management of a well-stocked school library. This includes selecting appropriate reading material in a variety of media (books, CD-ROM, interactive computer technology, for example), as well as ensuring the school library materials are current and complement curricula.
According to The United Nations (UNESCO, 2000), "the school library provides information and ideas that are fundamental to functioning successfully in todays society, which is increasingly information- and knowledge-based. The school library equips students with lifelong learning skills and develops the imagination, enabling them to live as responsible citizens." Further, a strong relationship between the presence of a teacher-librarian in an accessible, well-stocked school library, and student success has been well documented (see Haycock, 2003).
Despite the demonstrated importance of teacher-librarians and libraries, library services was one of the areas hardest hit by funding cutbacks and teacher lay-offs resulting from removal of staffing formulas from teacher collective agreements, implemented by the provincial government in 2002.
Since that time, funding for K12 public education has been partially restored and teacher-librarian staffing levels have slowly begun to improve. Table 1 shows the changes in library services (program area 1.07) staffing levels since 1997. For example, in 1997, there were 778 teacher-librarians and 20 administrators assigned to the library services program area.
Between 2001 and 2003, teacher-librarian staffing levels were cut by over 23%. It was not until the government removed a funding freeze and began to put money back into public education in 2005 that staffing levels began to recover. 200405 was the last year of a five-year decline in staffing levels and the 200506 school year saw an increase of 7% in teacher-librarian staffing. However, by 200607 there were still 175 fewer (19%) full-time-equivalent teacher-librarians compared to 2001.
Table 1 also shows that the number of administrators assigned to the library area has increased steadily over the 10-year period shown. Since 199798, FTE administrators working in the library services area have increased by over 50%.
The full report is on the bctf web site: bctf.ca/publications.aspx?id=5630.
Table 1: Library Services staffing, 199798 to 200607