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Privatization of Education Bibliography

Prepared by BCTF Information Services Department

The following bibliography includes books, publications, journal articles, and reports on privatization issues. To facilitate access, we are providing web site URLs for documents published online. Print material may be available at your local public, college, or university library.


Corporate sponsorship/marketing to children
Education management organizations/companies
Fundraising / charging fees
International students
Ownership of teacher-produced materials
Privatization - general
Privatization - international
Public funding of private schools
Public-private partnerships
School district business companies
Selling online / virtual education
Teachers spending own money on resources
Vending machines / selling junk food

Corporate sponsorship/marketing to children

"Advertising in Schools." TES Friday (June 2004). www.tes.co.uk/article.aspx?storycode=396901.

Abbarno, GJM. "Huckstering in the Classroom: Limits to Corporate Social Responsibility." Journal of Business Ethics 32:2 (July 2001), p.179-89.

Alper, Loretta, Sut. Jhally, and Alvin F. Poussaint. Captive Audience. 1 videocassette (45 min.). Northampton, MA : Media Education Foundation, 2003.

Baker, Russ. "Stealth TV." The American Prospect 12:3 (February 2001), p.28-31.

Borja, Rhea R. "New Breed of Retail Field Trips Emerging." Education Week (October 2004).

Canadian Teachers’ Federation and Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives. Commercialism in Canadian Schools: Who’s Calling the Shots? Ottawa: CTF and CCPA, 2006.

Canadian Teachers' Federation. "Should Donating Companies Be Allowed to Advertise in Schools?" CTF EMSB (Economic Member Services Bulletin) (September 2004), p.29-30.

The Center for Commercial-Free Public Education. A Citizens Guide to Adopting Commercial-Free School Board Policies in Your Community. Oakland, CA: Center for Commercial-Free Public Education, 2004. epsl.asu.edu/ceru/Articles/CERU-0403-203-OWI.doc.

Fearnley, Fran. "Today's Lesson Brought to You by...: What Price Are Our Children Paying for Corporate Sponsorship in Their Schools?" Today's Parent 17:9 (October 2000). todaysparent.com/education/general/article.jsp?content=1289.

Hart, Cathy. Corporate Sponsorship in B.C. Public Schools: An Exploratory Study. MEd Thesis. Victoria: University of Victoria, 2004. 148 pages.

Hawkes, Corinna. Marketing Food to Children: The Global Regulatory Environment. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization, 2004. whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2004/9241591579.pdf.

Hill, Andrew Marianne Manilov and Alex Molnar. Commercials in the Classroom. 1 videocassette (17 min.). Princeton, NJ: Films for the Humanities & Sciences, 2001.

“How Marketers Target Kids.” Media Awareness Network (Ottawa, 2006).

Hyslop, Emery. "The Corporate Discourse on Education." Our Schools Our Selves 10:4 (July 2001), p.110-119.

Iconis, Rosemary. "Classroom Commercialism." Pediatrics for Parents 20:6 (2003), p.3-.

Jehlen, Alain. "Channel One Still Raises Hackles." NEA Today 19:5 (February 2001), p.29.

Kenway, Jane and Elizabeth Bullen. Consuming Children. Buckingham [England]; Philadelphia: Open University Press, 2001.

Kohn, Alfie. "The 500-Pound Gorilla." Phi Delta Kappan 84:2 (October 2002), p.112-20. www.alfiekohn.org/teaching/500pound.htm.

Kohn, Alfie and Patrick Shannon. Education, Inc.: Turning Learning Into a Business. Portsmouth, NH : Heinemann, 2002.

Larson, Kristin. Commercialism In Schools. Eugene, OR: ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, 2002.

Linn, Susan. Consuming Kids: The Hostile Takeover of Childhood. New York: New Press, 2004.

McEwen, Dan. "Lessons With Logos: The Debate Over Corporate Sponsorships." Education Canada 42:3 (Fall 2002).

Molnar, Alex. Virtually Everywhere: Marketing to Children in America's Schools (The Seventh Annual Report on Schoolhouse Commercialism Trends: 2003-2004). Arizona: CERU, 2004. epsl.asu.edu/ceru/Annual%20reports/EPSL-0409-103-CERU.pdf. 100 pages.

Molnar, Alex. What's in a name?: The Corporate Branding of America's Schools: The Fifth Annual Report on Trends in Schoolhouse Commercialism. Tempe, AZ : Arizona State University. Commercialism in Education Research Unit, 2002. http://epsl.asu.edu/ceru/Annual%20reports/EPSL-0209-103-CERU.pdf.

Molnar, Alex and David Garcia. Empty Calories: Commercializing Activities in America’s Schools: Eighth Annual Report on Schoolhouse Commercialism Trends. Tempe, AZ: EPSL/CERU, 2005.

Molnar, Alex and Joseph A. Reaves. Buy me! Buy me!: The Fourth Annual Report on Trends in Schoolhouse Commercialism. Tempe, AZ : Arizona State University. Commercialism in Education Research Unit, 2001. epsl.asu.edu/ceru/Annual%20reports/CERU%202001-101/ceru-0109-101.pdf.

New American Dream. “Thanks to Ads, Kids Won’t Take No, No, No, No, No, No, No, No, No for an Answer.

Sacks, Peter. "Turning Schools into Profit Centers." Education Week (January 2003).

Saltman, Kenneth J. "Coca-Cola's Global Lessons: From Education for Corporate Globalization to Education for Global Justice." Teacher Education Quarterly 31:1 (Winter 2004), p.155-72.

Saltman, Kenneth J. and Robin Truth Goodman. "Rivers of Fire: Amoco's IMPACT on Education and Other Corporate Incursions." The Review of Education, Pedagogy, & Cultural Studies 23:4 (2001), p.28p.

Samuels, Sarah E., et al. Food and Beverage Industry Marketing Practices Aimed at Children: Developing Strategies for Preventing Obesity and Diabetes. San Francisco, CA: California Endowment, 2003. A Report from the Proceedings of a Meeting Sponsored by the California Endowment. Held in San Francisco in June 2003. epsl.asu.edu/ceru/Articles/CERU-0311-208-OWI.pdf.

Education management organizations/companies

Borja, Rhea R. "More Education Companies Playing 'Let's Make a Deal'." Education Week 23:31 (April 2004), p.8. Available: Online at http://www.edweek.org/ew/index.html with free registration.

Bracey, Gerald W. The Market in Theory Meets the Market in Practice: The Case of Edison Schools. Tempe, AZ: Arizona State University. Education Policy Research Unit, 2002. epsl.asu.edu/epru/documents/EPRU%202002-107/EPSL-0202-107-EPRU.doc.

Caruso, David B. "Firm Doesn't Support Privatizing Schools." AP Online (August 2003).

Cavanagh, Sean. "Companies Step in to Fill Teenagers' Guidance Needs." Education Week (May 2004).

Davies, Scott. School Choice by Default?: Understanding the Growing Demand for Private Tutoring in Canada. Toronto: OISE, 2002. www.oise.utoronto.ca/depts/sese/csew/nall/res/65ScottDavies.pdf.

Miner, Barbara. "For-Profits Target Education." Rethinking Schools 16:3 (Spring 2002). www.rethinkingschools.org/archive/16_03/Targ163.shtml.

Moberg, David. "How Edison Survived." The Nation (March 2004).

Molnar, Alex Glen Wilson and Daniel Allen. Profiles of For-Profit Education Management Companies: Sixth Annual Report: 2003-2004. Tempe, AZ: Arizona State University. Commercialism in Education Research Unit, 2004. epsl.asu.edu/ceru/Documents/EPSL-0402-101-CERU.pdf.

PBS Frontline. Public Schools Inc. 2003. www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/edison/.

Plante, Johanne. Statistics Canada. Culture, Tourism and the Centre for Education Statistics. The Education Services Industry in Canada, 2005.
www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/81-595-m/81-595-m2005033-eng.pdf. 51 pages.

Reid, Karla Scoon. "Federal Law Spurs Private Companies to Market Tutoring." Education Week 24:15 (December 2004).

United States. General Accounting Office. Public Schools: Insufficient Research to Determine Effectiveness of Selected Private Education Companies. Washington, D.C.: GAO, 2002. www.gao.gov/new.items/d0311.pdf.

Woodward, Will. "How Schools Learned a Hard Lesson on the Private Sector." The Guardian (April 2003). http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2003/apr/30/politics.schools/print.

Fundraising / charging fees

Blais, Simone. "Muffins and Messages on Education." The Coquitlam Now (February 2004). www.thenownews.com/issues02/045102/news/045102nn5.html.

Glegg, Alastair. "Supping With the Devil?: Fundraising, Sponsorship, and the Canadian Public School System." International Journal of Educational Reform 6:2 (April 1997), p.139-46.

Ince, Judith. "Meet the King of Parent Fundraisers." The Tyee (October 2004). www.thetyee.ca/News/2004/10/06/KingParentFundraisers/.

Kidder, Annie. "Fundraising and Corporate Donations in Schools: The Beginning of a Two-Tier Public Education System." Education Canada 42:3 (Fall 2002).

Knickerbocker, Nancy. "Fair Funding for B.C. Schools Before It's Too Late." Teacher Newsmagazine (BCTF) 15:4 (March 2003). http://www.bctf.ca/publications/NewsmagArticle.aspx?id=9940.

McAdie, Patricia. "Private Money for Public Education: Fundraising, Corporate Sponsorships, and Other Entrepreneurial Endeavours." Perspectives 4:1 (Winter 2004), p.14-16. www.ctf-fce.ca/e/publications/pd_newsletter/PDVolume4-1English.pdf.

McDaniel, Anne E. School Fundraising: Leveling the Playing Field or Advantaging the Advantaged? (Senior Honors Thesis, Ohio State University, Department of Sociology), May 2005.

Milner, Scott. "I'll Shave My Head and Kiss a Pig, and That's Not All." Aviso 18:1 (Fall 2002), p.24.

O'Connor, Naoibh. "The Parent Trap: Is Fundraising Making Schools More Unequal?" Our Schools, Our Selves 12:4 (Spring 2003), p.49.

Svidal, Shelley. "Oberg Denies Parents Work Bingos for Basics: Parent Fundraising Survey Released by Liberals." ATA News 36:9 (December 2001), p.5.

Swinarski, Donna. "Sadly, Some Things Never Change [Inadequate Educational Funding in Alberta]." ATA News 38:4 (October 2003), p.2.

Walsh, Mark. "Like Water or Chocolate: a Smorgasbord of Fund Raising." Education Week 22:22 (February 2003), p.8.

Weiner, Harvey. "Public Education - Privatization by Stealth? (Summary of a Presentation to WTO Meeting in Cancun, Mexico, September 2003)." Horizons (Fall 2003), p.45-54. www.ctf-fce.ca/archive/docs/bilingual/publication/horizons/3/013wto.pdf


Boyd, William Lowe. "Market Forces, Globalization and Values in Public Education." Education Canada 42:3 (Fall 2002).

British Columbia Teachers' Federation. Globalization, Trade Agreements, and Education. http://www.bctf.ca/SocialJustice.aspx?id=6162.

Burbules, Nicholas C., et al. Editors. Globalization and Education: Critical Perspectives. New York: Routledge, 2000.

"Globalization: Education in a Shrinking World." Education Canada (Winter 2002 Theme Issue).

Grieshaber-Otto, Jim and Matthew Sanger. Perilous Lessons: The Impact of the WTO Services Agreement (GATS) on Canada's Public Education System. Vancouver: Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, 2002. www.policyalternatives.ca/documents/National_Office_Pubs/perilouslessons_intro.pdf.

Kuehn, Larry. "Globalization and the Control of Teachers' Work: The Role of OECD Indicators." Our Schools Our Selves 9:6 (June 1999), p.116-29.

Kuehn, Larry. Keep Public Education Out of Trade Agreements. Vancouver: B.C. Teachers’ Federation, 2001. http://www.bctf.ca/SocialJustice.aspx?id=6168.

Mebrahtu, Teame, et al. Editors. Globalisation, Educational Transformation and Societies in Transition. Wallingford, UK: Symposium Books, 2000.

Reynolds, Cecilia, et al. Editors. Equity and Globalization in Education. Calgary, AB: Detselig Enterprises, 2002.

Robertson, Susan L. A Class Act: Changing Teachers' Work, Globalisation and the State. New York: Falmer Press, 2000.

Sahlberg, Pasi. "Teaching and Globalization." International Research Journal 2:1 (Spring 2004), p.65-83.

Schacter, Noel. "The General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS): Why You Need to Be Concerned." Education Canada 42:1 (Winter 2002), p.24-27.

Smith, David Geoffrey. Teaching in Global Times. Edmonton, AB: International Forum on Education, 2002.

Smyth, John, et al. Teachers' Work in a Globalizing Economy. London, UK: Falmer Press, 2000.

Spring, Joel. Education and the Rise of the Global Economy. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum , 1998.

Suarez-Orozco, Marcelo M. and Deseree Baolian Qin Hilliard. Globalization: Culture and Education in the New Millennium. Berkeley, CA: UCLA Press, 2004.

International students

Bhatty, Ayesha. "Teacher Slams B.C.-Certified School in China." Vancouver Sun (July 2004).

Kuehn, Larry. Globalization Comes Home. Accessed 2005. http://www.bctf.ca/SocialJustice.aspx?id=6158.

Matsumaru, Michael. "Schools Tempted by Overseas Cash: Education Vs. Money Part of Policy Review." Maple Ridge-Pitt Meadows Times (September 2004).

Mitchell, Alanna. "Canada's Public Schools Attract Foreign Families Willing to Pay Dearly." Globe and Mail (September 2004). www.fcpp.org/main/publication_detail.php?PubID=816.

Ownership of teacher-produced materials

"Intellectual Property Rights of Teachers." Economic and Member Services Notes (April 2004-May 2004), p.1-3. Canadian Teachers’ Federation.

Kindred, Kevin. "Copyright Ownership of Teacher-Prepared Teaching Materials: A Response to Dolmage and Clark." Education and Law Journal 13:2 (November 2003), p.299-322.

Privatization - general

American Federation of Teachers. Privatization. www.aft.org/topics/privatization/index.htm.

Anderson, Tina. "Britain Provides Glimpse of Campbell's Vision." Teacher Newsmagazine (BCTF) 16:3 (January 2004-February 2004). http://www.bctf.ca/publications/NewsmagArticle.aspx?id=8898.

Baxter, James and Tom Barrett. "Alberta Asked to Fund Private School Project: $45 Million Proposal: Would Operate Beyond School Board Control." National Post (October 2004).

Belfield, C. R. and Levin, Henry M. Education Privatization: Causes, Consequences and Planning Implications. Series: Fundamentals of Educational Planning, 74. Paris : Unesco, International Institute for Educational Planning, 2002.

Belfield, Clive R. and Amy L. Wooten. Education Privatization: The Attitudes and Experiences of Superintendents. New York: Columbia University Teachers College, National Center for the Study of Privatization in Educaion, 2003. www.ncspe.org/publications_files/RP70.pdf.

Boyles, Deron. American Education and Corporations. Series: Garland Reference Library of Social Science. New York: Falmer Press, 2000.

Boyles, Deron R. Schools or Markets?: Commercialism, Privatization, and School-Business Partnerships. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2004.

Bracey, Gerald W. The War Against America's Public Schools: Privatizing Schools, Commercializing Education. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 2002.

Bracey, Gerald W. What You Should Know About the War Against America's Public Schools. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 2003.

Brown, Frank. "Privatization and Urban Education: More Political and Less Educational." Education and Urban Society 29:2 (February 1997), p.204-16.

Buckley, Jack and Mark Schneider. "Shopping for Schools: How Do Marginal Consumers Gather Information About Schools?" Policy Studies Journal (January 2003).

Clinchy, Evans. "Reimaging Public Education." Phi Delta Kappan 85:6 (February 2004), p.448-50.

Clinchy, Evans. The Rights of all our Children. Portsmouth, NH : Heinemann, 2002.

The Commodification of Everything. Series: Hedgehog Review: Critical Reflections on Contemporary Culture, 5. Charlottesville, VA : Institute for Advanced Studies in Culture, University of Virginia, 2003.

Conn, Kathleen. "For-Profit School Management Corporations: Serving the Wrong Master." Journal of Law & Education 31:3 (April 2002), p.129-48.

Crouch, Colin 1944. Commercialisation or Citizenship. Series: Fabian Ideas, 606. London : Fabian Society, 2003.

CUPE. Privatization Database. Accessed: 2005. http://cupe.ca/privatization.

CUPE. School Boards. Accessed: 2005. http://cupe.ca/school-boards.

Davies, Scott, et al. "New Markets for Private Education in Canada." Education Canada 42:3 (Fall 2002).

Education Canada: Theme Issue on "Market Forces in Education". Vol. 42, no. 4. Toronto: CEA, 2002.

Feldman, Sandra. "A Better Way." National Journal 33:49 (December 2001), p.3728.

Fischman, Gustavo E. "Expanding Democratic Choices: Schooling for Democracy: Toward a Critical Utopianism." Contemporary Sociology 29:1 (January 2000), p.12 pages.

Fitz, John and Bryan Beers. "Education Management Organisations and the Privatisation of Public Education: A Cross-National Comparison of the USA and Britain." Comparative Education 38:2 (May 2002), p.137-54.

Flower, David. "Public Education As Trojan Horse: The Alberta Case." ATA Magazine 85:1 (Fall 2004). www.teachers.ab.ca/Quick%20Links/Publications/Magazine/Volume%2085/Number%201/Articles/Pages/Public%20Education%20as%20the%20Trojan%20Horse%20The%20Alberta%20Case.aspx.

Fox, Roy F. Harvesting Minds. Westport, Conn. Praeger, 2000.

Freedman, Sara. "To Market, to Market: Privatizing Public Education." Educational Policy 13:3 (July 1999), p.440-454.

Froese-Germain, Bernie. "Getting a Read on Education Privatization." Perspectives (CTF) 4:1 (Winter 2004), p.1-6. www.ctf-fce.ca/e/publications/pd_newsletter/PDVolume4-1English.pdf.

Hale, Daniel James. Private Sector Involvement in Public Schools: An Analysis of Policies of Educational Organisations in British Columbia. PhD Thesis. Waterloo: University of Waterloo, 1999. 183 pages.

Hall, Thad. "The War Against America's Public Schools: Privatizing Schools, Commercializing Education (Review of Book by Gerald Bracey)." NASSP Bulletin 85:629 (December 2001), p.84-86.

Hartoonian, Michael. "Education for Sale: What's a (Democratic) Principle Worth?" Social Education 63:4 (May 1999-June 1999), p.242-44.

Hickrod, George Alan. "Privatization for Education Would Flunk." Pantagraph (Bloomington) (May 2003), p.2 pages.

Kennedy, Mike. "Public Schools, Private Profits." American School & University 72:6 (February 2000), p.14-16,18,21-22.

Kovacs, Philip. “Gates, Buffett, and the Corporatization of Children.” Common Dreams, June 28, 2006.

Kuehn, Larry. "BC Liberals Push Boards to Market Education." Teacher Newsmagazine (BCTF) 15:2 (November 2002-December 2002). http://www.bctf.ca/publications/NewsmagArticle.aspx?id=9860.

Kuehn, Larry. "What's Wrong with Commercialization of Public Education?" Teacher Newsmagazine (BCTF) 15:4 (March 2003). http://www.bctf.ca/publications/NewsmagArticle.aspx?id=9954.

Levin, Henry M., Editor. Privatizing Education: Can the Marketplace Deliver Choice, Efficiency, Equity, and Social Cohesion? Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2001.

Levin, Henry M. and Clive R. Belfield. "The Marketplace in Education." Review of Research in Education:27 (2003), p.183-219.

Lewis, Anne C. "Students as Commodities." Phi Delta Kappan 84:8 (April 2003), p.563.

Lubienski, Christopher. "Instrumentalist Perspectives on the "Public" in Public Education: Incentives and Purposes." Educational Policy 17:4 (September 2003), p.478-502.

McAdie, Patricia. "The War on Public Education: A Review by Patricia McAdie." Our Schools Our Selves 12:2 (Summer 2002).

Milam, Michael C. "G.W. The Privatization of Education and American Values." The Humanist 61:3 (May 2001). http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1374/is_3_61/ai_75122052/print.

Molnar, Alex. "Cashing in on the Classroom." Sixth Annual Report on Trends in Schoolhouse Commercialism (2002-2003). epsl.asu.edu/ceru/Documents/CERU-0401-191-RW.pdf

Molnar, Alex. "Colonizing Our Future: The Commercial Transformation of America's Schools." Social Education 64:7 (November 2000-December 2000), p.11 pages. Also available online as a "John Dewey Memorial Lecture" given by Alex Molnar. epsl.asu.edu/ceru/Documents/cace-00-01.htm.

Molnar, Alex. No Student Left Unsold: The Sixth Annual Report on Schoolhouse Commmercialism Trends. Tempe, AZ: Arizona State University. Commercialism in Education Research Unit, 2003. epsl.asu.edu/ceru/Annual%20reports/EPSL-0309-107-CERU.doc.

Molnar, Alex. School Commercialism, Student Health, and the Pressure to do More With Less. Tempe, AZ : Arizona State University. Commercialism in Education Research Unit, 2003. epicpolicy.org/files/EPSL-0307-105-CERU.doc.

Molnar, Alex. School Reform Proposals: The Research Evidence. Tempe, AZ: Arizona State University. Education Policy Research Unit, 2002. epicpolicy.org/publication/school-reform-proposals-the-research-evidence.

Moore-Kligannon, Bill. "Public Interest Alberta: Advocating for a Better Alberta for All." The ATA Magazine (Fall 2004), p.32-33.

Murphy, Joseph. Pathways to Privatization in Education. Series: Social and Policy Issues in Education. Westport, CN: Greenwood, 1998.

Nordquist, Joan. The Privatization of Public Education. Series: Contemporary Social Issues, no. 58. Santa Cruz, CA : Reference and Research Services, 2000.

"Ohio Eyes 'Charter Colleges' to Prepare K-12 Teachers." What Works in Teaching and Learning 36:5 (May 2004), p.3.

PBS Frontline. Private Profit, Public Good? 2003. www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/edison/etc/private.html.

People for the American Way. Funding a Movement: U.S. Department of Education Pours Millions into Groups Advocating School Vouchers and Education Privatization. Washington, DC: People for the American Way, 2003. epsl.asu.edu/epru/articles/EPRU-0311-49-OWI.pdf.

Perelman, Michael. “Privatizing Education.” Monthly Review, March 2006.

Peterson, Bob. "Privatization English Style: An Interview with Richard Hatcher." Rethinking Schools 18:4 (Summer 2004). www.rethinkingschools.org/archive/18_04/engl184.shtml.

Pini, Monica Eva. Moving Public Schools toward For-Profit Management: Privatizing the Public Sphere, 2001. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Seattle, Washington, April 10-14, 2001).

Pipho, Chris. "The Selling of Public Education." Phi Delta Kappan 79:2 (October 1997), p.101-2.

"The Privatization of Public Schools." American School & University 72:6 (February 2000), p.6.

“Two-thirds of British Columbians Oppose Privatization of Custodial, Maintenance and Other Services in B.C. Schools.” Ipsos Reid Press Release, February 12, 2006.

Rikowski, Glenn. The Battle in Seattle. London : Tufnell Press, 2001. Available to order from Amazon.

Saltman, Kenneth J. Collateral Damage: Corporatizing Public Schools. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2000.

Saltman, Kenneth J. and David Gabbard, Editors. Education as Enforcement. New York: Routledge Falmer, 2003.

Savard, Stewart Maurice Patrick. Instruction as Service or Commodity: The Outsourcing of Education. PhD Thesis. Toronto: University of Toronto, 2004. 304 pages.

Scher, Ruth. BC School Watch: Examining the Fine Print in K-12. Burnaby: Canadian Union of Public Employees, 2004.

Smith, Kevin B. 1963. The Ideology of Education: The Commonwealth, the Market, and America's Schools. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2003.

Stevenson, Kenneth R. "Privatization of Public Education: Panacea or Pandora's Box?" School Business Affairs 65:11 (November 1999), p.14-17.

Tanner, Daniel. "Manufacturing Problems and Selling Solutions." Phi Delta Kappan 82:3 (November 2000), p.188-202.

Tulenko, John D. John Merrow and Diana B. Henriques. Public Schools Inc. 1 videocassette (57 min.). [S.l.] : PBS Video, 2003.

U.S. General Accounting Office. Public Education: Commercial Activities in Schools. Washington, D.C.: GAO, 2000. www.gao.gov/archive/2000/he00156.pdf.

Privatization - international

Chan, David and Ka-Ho Mok. "Educational Reforms and Coping Strategies under the Tidal Wave of Marketization: A Comparative Study of Hong Kong and the Mainland." Comparative Education 37:1 (2001), p.21-41.

"Privatization of Education: An Ongoing Debate." IIEP Newsletter 19:1 (January 2001-March 2001).

Smith, Peter C. "Privatization of Schools in China." Independent School 59:3 (Spring 2000), p.70-77.

U.K. Department for Education and Skills. Higher Standards, Better Schools for All (Tony Blair’s White Paper on Education), October 25, 2005.

Xu, Zeyu. "An Overview of Private Education Development in Modern China. Occasional Paper." Education Policy Analysis Archives 10:47 (October 2002). epaa.asu.edu/epaa/v10n47/.

Public funding of private schools

Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now (ACORN) and American Institute for Social Justice (AISJ). Accountability Left Behind: While Children and Schools Face High Stakes Testing, Tutoring Companies get a Free Ride. Washington, D.C.: ACORN and AISJ, 2004. www.acorn.org/fileadmin/ACORN_Reports/Accountability_Left_Behind.pdf.

Public-private partnerships

CCPA (Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives). The (Real) Bottom Line: Public-Private Partnerships. Vancouver: CCPA, 2003. www.policyalternatives.ca/documents/Popular_Primers/bottom_line_p3.pdf.

Fuller, Sylvia. Assessing the Record of Public-Private Partnerships: Proceedings of a CCPA-BC Public Forum. Vancouver: CCPA, 2003. www.policyalternatives.ca/documents/BC_Office_Pubs/p3_collection.pdf.

Shaker, Erica. "The Devil in the Details." Our Schools Our Selves 12:3 (Spring 2003), p.57-62.

School district business companies

Fallon, Gerald and Sonya Pancucci. "Reframing Public Educational Services and Programs As Tradable Commodities - A Synthesis and Critique of British Columbia's Bill 34." Brock Education 13:1 (2003), p.50-60.

Kuehn, Larry. "B.C. Liberals Push Boards to Market Education." Teacher Newsmagazine (BCTF) 15:2 (November 2002-December 2002). http://www.bctf.ca/publications/NewsmagArticle.aspx?id=9860.

Kuehn, Larry. "The Creeping Privatization of B.C. Public Schools." Our Schools Our Selves 13:2 (Winter 2004), p.89-94.

Kuehn, Larry. "How the B.C. Government Promotes Privatization in Education." Our Schools Our Selves 12:2 (Winter 2003), p.45-52.

Kuehn, Larry. "School District Business Companies." Perspectives (CTF) 4:1 (Winter 2004), p.11-13. www.ctf-fce.ca/e/publications/pd_newsletter/PDVolume4-1English.pdf.

Miller, Joni. "The Business of School Inc. in B.C." Our Schools Our Selves 14:1 (Fall 2004), p.97-116.

Selling online / virtual education

Canadian Teachers' Federation. Virtual Education, Real Educators. Press Release. Ottawa: CTF, 2003. www.ctf-fce.ca/archive/docs/en/press/2003/pr03-7.htm.

Froese-Germain, Bernie. "Virtual Education, Real Educators." Horizons (CTF) (Spring 2003), p.23-28, 44. www.ctf-fce.ca/archive/docs/bilingual/publication/horizons/2/011virtualeducation(7).pdf.

Galley, Michelle. "Despite Concerns, Online Elementary Schools Grow." Education Week (January 2003).

Huerta, Luis A. and Maria Fernanda Gonzales. Cyber and Home School Charter Schools: How States are Defining New Forms of Public Schooling. New York: National Center for the Study of Privatization in Education, 2004. www.ncspe.org/readrel.php?set=pub&cat=89.

Paulson, Amanda. "Virtual Schools, Real Concerns." Christian Science Monitor (May 2004). www.csmonitor.com/2004/0504/p11s02-legn.htm.

Trotter, Andrew. "Virtual School Battle Sparks Minn. Lawsuit: Teachers' Union Takes State to Court." Education Week 23:9 (October 2003), p.12.

Woodall, Martha. "Cyber Schools Cost Big Bucks, a Critical Report on Pa. Says." Philadelphia Inquirer (October 2001).

Teachers spending own money on resources

Canadian Teachers' Federation. Teachers Spend Out of Pocket Average of $593 to Acquire School Books and Materials. Ottawa: Canadian Teachers' Federation, 2001. www.ctf-fce.ca/archive/docs/en/press/2001/pr01-10.htm.

Vending machines / selling junk food

B.C. Ministry of Education and Ministry of Health. Guidelines for Food and Beverage Sales in B.C. Schools, November 22, 2005. www.bced.gov.bc.ca/health/guidelines_sales.pdf. 23 pages.

B.C. Ministry of Education and Ministry of Health. School Food Sales and Policies Provincial Report. Victoria, BC: The Ministries, 2005. www.bced.gov.bc.ca/health/sales_report.pdf. 21 pages

Center for Science in the Public Interest. Guidelines for Responsible Food Marketing to Children. Washington, D.C.: CSPI, 2005. www.cspinet.org/marketingguidelines.pdf. 10 pages.

"Do School Boards Have to Disclose Commercial Contracts to Third Parties?" Education Law Reporter 11:5 (January 2000).

“Feeding the Children.” Rethinking Schools 20:4 (Summer 2006). www.rethinkingschools.org/archive/20_04/feed204.shtml

"Focus Shifts to Sugary Drinks." Education Leader (BCSTA) 17:1 (January 2004), p.8.

"Food for Thought: Offer Healthy Choices." Education Leader (BCSTA) 17:6 (June 2004), p.1, 6-7.

Hastings, Gerard. Review of Research on the Effects of Food Promotion to Children. Glasgow, Scotland : Centre for Social Marketing, the University of Strathclyde, 2003. http://www.food.gov.uk/multimedia/pdfs/foodpromotiontochildren1.pdf. 218 pages.

Health Canada. Voices and Choices: Planning for School Health. Accessed: 2005. www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/vc-ss/welcome-eng.php.

McGinnis, J. Michael and Others (U.S. Institute of Medicine). Food Marketing to Children and Youth: Threat or Opportunity? Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press, 2006. Executive Summary: www.nap.edu/openbook.php?isbn=0309097134&page=1

Pinson, Nicola. “Soda Contracts: Who Really Benefits?” Rethinking Schools 20:4 (Summer 2006). www.rethinkingschools.org/archive/20_04/soda204.shtml

Rowe, Jonathan and Gary Ruskin. "Tough Love for the Obesity Lobby." AlterNet (January 2004). www.alternet.org/environment/17649/.

Ruskin, Gary. "The Fast Food Trap: How Commercialism Creates Overweight Children." Commercial Alert (October 2003).   www.commercialalert.org/issues/health/childhood-obesity/the-fast-food-trap-how-commercialism-creates-overweight-children.

Last updated July 27 , 2009

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