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Alternative Views: A Changing World

There are many views of the world as it currently exists, and the same multiplicity of perspectives on where it is heading.  Much of the 21st century literature has a minimal focus on issues of inclusion, diversity and social justice.  It also appears to endorse 'new' and 'knowledge' economies to such an extent that they appear inevitable.  Yet there are views of the world that argue for greater acceptance of diversity, and increased inclusion.  There are also perspectives which offer insights into a future where there are increased disparities between rich and poor, and where many jobs may require little skill.  This section shares some of these alternative views. 

The education-economy connection

Gardner, W. (2011, March 21). U.S. and Japan differ on education-economy link. Education Week Reality Check [blog].

Livingstone, D.W. (2004). The learning society: Past, present and future views. (WALL working paper no. 4.; 2004 R.W.B. Jackson lecture). Centre for the Study of Education and Work; Ontario Institute for Studies in Education of the University of Toronto. PDF file; Acrobat Reader required. 


(2010, January 27). Interview - Richard Wilkinson - Why greater equality makes societies stronger. In McCormick, M. (Producer), Talking Stick TV. Seattle: SCAN-TV. Multimedia icon (video camera) 

Berg, A.G., & Ostry, J.D. (2011). Inequality and unsustainable growth: Two sides of the same coin? Washington, D.C.: International Monetary Fund. PDF file; Acrobat Reader required. 

Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives. Growing Gap project.

Cerna, E. (Host). (2010). Authors of "The Spirit Level" [Richard Wilkinson and Kate Pickett] show connection between equality and great societies. In KCTS 9 ConnectsMultimedia icon (video camera) 

Conference Board of Canada. (2011). Hot Topic: Canada Inequality. Is Canada becoming more unequal? 

Corak, M. (22, February 2012). Inequality begets inequality, according to the Economic Report of the President. Economics for public policy [blog].

Courchene, T.J. (2011). Rekindling the American dream: A northern perspective. The 2011 IRPP Policy Horizons Essay. Montreal: Institute for Research on Public Policy. PDF file; Acrobat Reader required. 

Freeland, C. (2011, February 2). Wealth gap widens between super rich and rest. BBC Newsnight.

Grant, T. (2011, December 5). Canada's wage gap at record high: OECD. The Globe and Mail. 

Kilian, C. (2012, January 31). Inequality growing here and across Canada: BC Stats. The Hook. [Blog post].

McQuaig, L., and Brooks, N. (2010, September 27). The great inequality debate, part 1: Linda McQuaig and Neil Brooks. The Financial Post. 

Mendleson, R. (2012, March 12). Vancouver income inequality study shows city segregating along racial, income lines. The Huffington Post Canada. 

OECD. (2011). Growing income inequality in OECD countries: What drives it and how can policy tackle it? OECD Forum on Tackling Inequality, Paris, 2 May 2011. PDF file; Acrobat Reader required. 

Paperny, A.M., & Grant, T. (2011, May 6). How paying people's way out of poverty can help us all. The Globe and Mail.

Romich, P. (2011). Child poverty is a serious problem. Vancouver, BC: First Call. Multimedia icon (video camera)  

Schrier, D. (2012, January 27). Mind the gap: Income inequality growing. Infoline (issue 12-04). BC Statistics.  

Yalnizyan, A. (2011). Lecture on economics, equality and democracy. Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives and the Literary Review of Canada. Multimedia icon (video camera) 

Yalnizyan, A. (2010). The rise of Canada's richest 1%. Ottawa: Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives. PDF file; Acrobat Reader required. 

Yalnizyan, A. (2013). Study of income inequality in Canada - What can be done. Presentation to the House of Commons Standing Committee on Finance, April 30, 2013.

Jobs in the future

Associated Press. (2010, September 6). New jobs of the future may leave many behind. CBS News.

Bernhardt, A. (2012). The low-wage recovery and growing inequality. New York, NY: National Employment Law Project. PDF file; Acrobat Reader required. 

Gibson, E. (2011, April 5). Retail sector adding jobs, but not always careers. Ventura County Star.

Immen, W. (2011, May 17). Boxed in: The stifling effects of short-term contracts. The Globe and Mail.

Mitchell, J., & Nichols, A. (2012, October). Job polarization and the great recession. Unemployment and Recovery Project: Brief #8. Washington, D.C.: Urban Institute. PDF file; Acrobat Reader required. 

Morissette, R., & Johnson, A. (2005, August). Are good jobs disappearing in Canada? Economic Policy Review (Federal Reserve Bank of New York), 11(1), 23-56. PDF file; Acrobat Reader required. 

Wilby, P. (2011, February 28). The awful truth: education won't stop the west getting poorer - Skilled jobs will go to the lowest bidder worldwide - A decline in middle class pay and job satisfaction is only just beginning. The Guardian.

Preparing high school students for life after graduation

(2010). Up to the challenge: The role of career and technical education and 21st century skills in college and career readiness. Association for Career and Technical Education; National Association of State Directors of Career Technical Education Consortium; Partnership for 21st Century Skills.  PDF file; Acrobat Reader required. 

Brown, J. (Host). (2009, September 4). Conversation: Matthew Crawford, author of 'Shop Class as Soulcraft.' PBS NewsHour.  Multimedia icon (video camera) 

Cuban, L. (2011, March 11). Not everyone goes to college. Larry Cuban on School Reform and Classroom Practice [blog]  

Gilliss, T. (2011, May 15).The work we value, the intelligence we ignore: Is the work that made America great valued any longer? Krista Tippett on Being [blog].

Saunders, M., & Chrisman, C.A. (2011). Linking learning to the 21st century: Preparing students for college, career, and civic participation. Boulder, CO: National Education Policy Center. PDF file; Acrobat Reader required. 

Symonds, W.C., Schwartz, R.B., & Ferguson, R. (2011). Pathways to prosperity: Meeting the challenge of preparing young Americans for the 21st century. Report issued by the Pathways to Prosperity Project, Harvard Graduate School of Education. PDF file; Acrobat Reader required. 

Alternative visions of a "new economy"

Korten, D. (2011). New economy 2.0. Living Economies Forum.

Leissle, K. (2011, April 14). Film review: The Economics of Happiness. YES! 

New Economy Working Group - Equitable Economies for a Living Earth. 

Spratt, S., Simms, A., Neitzert, E., & Ryan-Collins, J. (2010). The great transition: A tale of how it turned out right. London: The New Economics Foundation. PDF file; Acrobat Reader required. 

YES! Magazine. (2011). New economy: A fair economy that works for people and the planet 

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