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Globalization and education 

Teachers and their unions face similar issues and challenges in many countries. Neo-liberal policies are a global phenomenon: funding cuts to public education, attacks on labour rights of teachers, privatization.

The factors leading to these global patterns are several: international tests for comparison, the most important being the OECD’s PISA; “policy borrowing” through international conferences and publications; trade agreements that are about more than trade; and international organizations demanding neo-liberal policies. 

GERM infects education globally
GERM in English is a pun in the way that Pasi Sahlberg, an educator from Finland, uses it. Germs are the cause of sickness, and Sahlberg is suggesting that the Global Education Reform Movement is an illness in education systems that are following the GERM directions. 

The evaluation that we have, the evaluation that we need  
Hugo Aboites, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Mexico, points out ways that the issues of standardized testing are similar in Mexico and Canada, as flowing from neo-liberal policies.

Leaning between conspiracy and hegemony: OECD, UNESCO, and the tower of PISA
This article describes the political roots of the OECD’s PISA exam in the Reagan presidency’s efforts to reshape education in neo-liberal directions.

Resistance to making education a tradable commodity  
The author describes the way that trade agreements are used to commodify education.

Responding to globalization of education in the Americas—Strategies to support public education 
Although some of the details have changed from when this article was written, the basic analysis in this paper continues to be relevant.

Schools for globalized business: The APEC agenda for education 
Susan Ohanian describes this article about the APEC education program as important in her understanding of globalization and education, still as relevant as when it was written in 1997.

The education world is not flat—Neoliberalism's global project and teacher unions' resistance  

The “flat world”, and techniques of transnational direction of education  

Teaching for Transformation, April 12-13, 2012, Vancouver, BC, Canada

Teaching for Transformation: International Forum on Liberating Pedagogies, and Resistance to Neo-liberalism in Education - A seminar of the IDEA Network/Red-SEPA

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What’s wrong with commercialization of public education?  
Global trade in education depends on making education a commodity. The author describes some of the forms of commercialization and the importance of challenging the approach.


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