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BCTF Research Report

Section III
2004-WLC-03

Student/Teacher and Student/Administrator ratios,
2001–02 and 2003–04

By Colleen Hawkey
Research Analyst, BCTF Research

The effects of changes in non-enrolling staffing formulas and class size provisions in the teachers’ collective agreement are evident in increasing student/teacher ratios. In 2001 the B.C. liberal government introduced legislation that resulted in the loss of over 2,500 full-time-equivalent teaching positions. Although there has been a decline in student enrolments over the same period of time, the ratios in this report clearly show that teachers are disappearing faster than students.

For comparison purposes, the table below shows three ratios: Student/Teacher, Student/Administrator, and Student/Educator. Each ratio is calculated using the full-time equivalent (FTE) data from Ministry of Education standard reports . The teacher category includes teachers, department heads, instructional support services, and testing and assessment staff. The administrator category includes principals, vice principals, and directors of instruction. The term “educators” refers to the combination of teachers and administrators.

The first three vertical data sections of the table show the September 30th FTE counts of students, teachers, and administrators for the 2001–02 and 2003–04 school years. The next two columns provide the ratios by each category for the same two years. The final section shows the percentage change from 2001 to 2003 for each of the three ratios.

The provincial totals at the bottom of the table show that while the student/teacher ratio has increased by almost 6% since 2001, the student/administrator ratio has increased by 2.6%.

From 2001 to 2003, the total number of FTE administrators decreased by 121.79, or 4.4%. This compares to a decline of 2,462.84 or 7.4% FTE teachers. For the same time period, student enrolments decreased by a total of 11,555.20 FTEs (2.0%).

FTE Student/Teacher, Student/Administrator, and Student/Educator Ratios
By School District, 2001-02 and 2003-04

SD SD Name FTE Student Enrolment 2001 FTE Student Enrolment 2003 FTE Teachers 2001 FTE Teachers 2003 FTE Admin 2001 FTE Admin 2003 Student/ Teacher Ratio 2001 Student/ Admin. Ratio 2001 Student/ Educator Ratio 2001 Student/ Teacher Ratio 2003 Student/ Admin Ratio 2003 Student/ Educator Ratio 2003 Student/ Teacher % Chg 2001 to 2003 Student/ Admin % Chg 2001 to 2003 Student/ Educator % Chg 2001 to 2003
5 S.E. Kootenay 6,511.75 6,013.06 367.869 311.611 37 31 17.7013 175.9932 16.0836 19.2967 193.9698 17.5507 9.0% 10.2% 9.1%
6 Rocky Mountain 4,022.56 3,690.44 240.3572 201.0068 32 26.4 16.7358 125.7051 14.7694 18.3598 139.7893 16.2284 9.7% 11.2% 9.9%
8 Kootenay Lake 6,148.75 5,870.19 349.1211 330.64 38.81 35.8 17.6121 158.4321 15.8501 17.754 163.9718 16.0195 0.8% 3.5% 1.1%
10 Arrow Lakes 764.75 670.25 50.6696 41.13 5 5 15.0929 152.95 13.7373 16.2959 134.05 14.5296 8.0% -12.4% 5.8%
19 Revelstoke 1,430.06 1,361.63 83.672 78.887 6 6 17.0913 238.3438 15.9477 17.2604 226.9375 16.0404 1.0% -4.8% 0.6%
20 Kootenay-Col. 5,284.5 4,778.94 290.9414 256.063 30 22 18.1635 176.15 16.4656 18.6631 217.2244 17.1865 2.8% 23.3% 4.4%
22 Vernon 9,341.75 9,188.88 492.6186 477.4514 42.6 43.6 18.9635 219.2899 17.4541 19.2457 210.754 17.6353 1.5% -3.9% 1.0%
23 Central Okanagan 22,029.63 21,523.25 1148.36 1105.41 78.6 69 19.1836 280.2751 17.9546 19.4708 311.9312 18.3269 1.5% 11.3% 2.1%
27 Cariboo-Chilcotin 7,566.38 6,863.88 390.514 370.346 53 48 19.3754 142.7618 17.0601 18.5337 142.9974 16.4072 -4.3% 0.2% -3.8%
28 Quesnel 4,515.13 4,232.06 254.2494 228.9211 26 25 17.7586 173.6587 16.1111 18.487 169.2825 16.6668 4.1% -2.5% 3.4%
33 Chilliwack 11,808.12 12,251.19 639.5565 617.1475 52.7 54.5901 18.463 224.0629 17.0574 19.8513 224.4214 18.2381 7.5% 0.2% 6.9%
34 Abbotsford 18,851.25 19,273.19 1041.461 982.273 85.4 80 18.1008 220.7406 16.729 19.621 240.9148 18.1433 8.4% 9.1% 8.5%
35 Langley 19,912.79 19,465.25 1120.471 998.531 94 93 17.7718 211.8382 16.3963 19.4939 209.3038 17.833 9.7% -1.2% 8.8%
36 Surrey 59,135.63 60,979.75 3378.3791 3324.734 210.05 210.3 17.5041 281.5312 16.4795 18.3412 289.9655 17.2501 4.8% 3.0% 4.7%
37 Delta 17,160.56 16,975.38 916.6 900.66 67 63.6 18.722 256.1278 17.4467 18.8477 266.9084 17.6046 0.7% 4.2% 0.9%
38 Richmond 23,148.88 22,635.13 1339.333 1200.2418 112.2 111.6 17.2839 206.318 15.9479 18.8588 202.8237 17.2545 9.1% -1.7% 8.2%
39 Vancouver 55,766.75 55,522.25 3427.2911 3188.8559 192 188 16.2714 290.4518 15.4082 17.4113 295.3311 16.442 7.0% 1.7% 6.7%
40 New Westminster 5,825.81 5,986.19 326.4045 338.7884 23 24 17.8484 253.2962 16.6735 17.6694 249.4245 16.5005 -1.0% -1.5% -1.0%
41 Burnaby 23,909.38 23,823.5 1432.52 1333.58 81.6 78 16.6904 293.007 15.7909 17.8643 305.4295 16.8772 7.0% 4.2% 6.9%
42 Maple Ridge-P.M. 14,907.63 15,083.75 851.465 825.482 64.4 66.44 17.5082 231.4849 16.2771 18.2727 227.0281 16.9115 4.4% -1.9% 3.9%
43 Coquitlam 32,495.5 31,866 1816.975 1753.805 115.5 107 17.8844 281.3463 16.8155 18.1696 297.8131 17.1248 1.6% 5.9% 1.8%
44 North Vancouver 17,882.5 17,601.13 997.0605 893.7889 96 93 17.9352 186.276 16.36 19.6927 189.2594 17.8368 9.8% 1.6% 9.0%
45 West Vancouver 6,476.06 6,545.25 355.44 344.418 35 37.4 18.2198 185.0304 16.5866 19.0038 175.0067 17.1423 4.3% -5.4% 3.4%
46 Sunshine Coast 4,228.88 4,093.19 232.525 215.088 16 18 18.1868 264.3047 17.0159 19.0303 227.3993 17.5607 4.6% -14.0% 3.2%
47 Powell River 2,988.75 2,738.56 160.505 141.05 16 14 18.6209 186.7969 16.9329 19.4155 195.6116 17.6624 4.3% 4.7% 4.3%
48 Howe Sound 4,510.25 4,385.63 252.2896 220.1573 23 22 17.8773 196.0978 16.3837 19.9204 199.3466 18.1106 11.4% 1.7% 10.5%
49 Central Coast 367 321.125 30.5 27 3 2 12.0328 122.3333 10.9552 11.8935 160.5625 11.0733 -1.2% 31.3% 1.1%
50 Haida Gwaii/Q C 947.7499 882.125 61.4684 54.999 9 10 15.4185 105.3055 13.4493 16.0389 88.2125 13.5714 4.0% -16.2% 0.9%
51 Boundary 2,039.81 1,845.63 111.175 98.9341 10 11 18.3478 203.9813 16.8336 18.6551 167.7841 16.7885 1.7% -17.7% -0.3%
52 Prince Rupert 3,221 2,823.56 210.349 184.684 17.9 16 15.3126 179.9441 14.1118 15.2886 176.4727 14.0697 -0.2% -1.9% -0.3%
53 Okanagan Simil. 2,944.75 2,835.25 172.426 157.271 19 19 17.0783 154.9868 15.3832 18.0278 149.2237 16.0846 5.6% -3.7% 4.6%
54 Bulkley Valley 2,859.19 2,699.19 162.915 150.214 17 16 17.5502 168.1875 15.8919 17.9689 168.6992 16.2392 2.4% 0.3% 2.2%
57 Prince George 17,320.25 15,853.06 1001.31 850.9828 95 81 17.2976 182.3184 15.7987 18.6291 195.7168 17.01 7.7% 7.3% 7.7%
58 Nicola-Simil. 2,969.98 2,904.58 183.53 172.08 19 17.05 16.1825 156.3145 14.6644 16.8792 170.3563 15.3576 4.3% 9.0% 4.7%
59 Peace River S. 4,892.44 4,727.88 242.852 222.501 33 33 20.1458 148.2557 17.7357 21.2488 143.2689 18.5043 5.5% -3.4% 4.3%
60 Peace River N. 5,782.71 5,632.69 308.737 300.2511 31 32 18.7302 186.5391 17.0211 18.7599 176.0215 16.9531 0.2% -5.6% -0.4%
61 Greater Victoria 21,295.44 20,283.56 1158.849 1012.996 117 114 18.3764 182.0123 16.6912 20.0233 177.926 17.9979 9.0% -2.2% 7.8%
62 Sooke 8,816.44 8,786.25 465.871 437.413 49 47 18.9246 179.9273 17.1236 20.0869 186.9415 18.1379 6.1% 3.9% 5.9%
63 Saanich 8,742.69 8,774 471.5778 448.592 40.6 37 18.5392 215.3371 17.0696 19.559 237.1351 18.0687 5.5% 10.1% 5.9%
64 Gulf Islands 1,754.81 1,719.5 99.6749 87.0466 14.6 14.8 17.6054 120.1926 15.3561 19.7538 116.1824 16.8832 12.2% -3.3% 9.9%
67 Okanagan Skaha 7,496.25 7,157.19 398.798 364.941 38.5 35.8 18.7971 194.7078 17.1422 19.6119 199.9214 17.8599 4.3% 2.7% 4.2%
68 Nanaimo-Ladysmith 16,231.63 15,746.56 903.528 770.108 69 68.675 17.9647 235.2409 16.6901 20.4472 229.291 18.7731 13.8% -2.5% 12.5%
69 Qualicum 5,273.88 5,182.75 277.169 262.11 25.6 24 19.0277 206.0107 17.4188 19.7732 215.9479 18.1145 3.9% 4.8% 4.0%
70 Alberni 5,048.38 4,772.38 272.1418 246.164 39 27.9 18.5505 129.4455 16.2253 19.387 171.0529 17.4134 4.5% 32.1% 7.3%
71 Comox Valley 9,459.28 9,358.06 522.7386 479.7236 54.6 51 18.0956 173.2469 16.3843 19.5072 183.4914 17.6326 7.8% 5.9% 7.6%
72 Campbell River 6,791.06 6,264.38 389.971 337.923 38 37 17.4143 178.7122 15.868 18.5379 169.3074 16.7084 6.5% -5.3% 5.3%
73 Kamloops/Thomp. 16,447.78 15,440.5 905.0381 792.4656 75 68.6 18.1736 219.3037 16.7828 19.4841 225.0802 17.9319 7.2% 2.6% 6.8%
74 Gold Trail 2,628.69 1,958.88 146.349 118.45 18 12 17.9618 146.0382 15.9945 16.5376 163.2396 15.0163 -7.9% 11.8% -6.1%
75 Mission 7,060.78 7,339.63 389.063 357.7548 34.2 40.5 18.1482 206.4554 16.6818 20.5158 181.2253 18.4295 13.0% -12.2% 10.5%
78 Fraser-Cascade 2,316.88 2,254.88 139.8865 129.0708 17 14 16.5625 136.2868 14.7678 17.4701 161.0625 15.7606 5.5% 18.2% 6.7%
79 Cowichan Valley 9,824.84 9,522.13 553.9104 487.6759 51 46.6 17.7372 192.6438 16.2418 19.5255 204.3374 17.8225 10.1% 6.1% 9.7%
81 Fort Nelson 1,204.5 1,170.99 73.6355 69.712 7 7 16.3576 172.0714 14.9376 16.7975 167.2839 15.2647 2.7% -2.8% 2.2%
82 Coast Mountains 6,911.88 6,241.75 407.5545 343.8923 42 35.7143 16.9594 164.5685 15.3749 18.1503 174.7689 16.4427 7.0% 6.2% 6.9%
83 N. Ok.-Shuswap 8,215.2 7,796.75 437.934 400.384 45 41 18.759 182.5599 17.011 19.4732 190.1646 17.6643 3.8% 4.2% 3.8%
84 Vancouver Isl. W. 557.625 509.125 48.7 38.8 5 5 11.4502 111.525 10.3841 13.1218 101.825 11.6239 14.6% -8.7% 11.9%
85 Vancouver Isl. N. 2,292.5 1,916.5 143.91 107.0452 21 15 15.9301 109.1667 13.9015 17.9037 127.7667 15.7032 12.4% 17.0% 13.0%
87 Stikine 345.937 299.6901 25 23 5 6 13.8375 69.1874 11.5312 13.03 49.9484 10.3341 -5.8% -27.8% -10.4%
91 Nechako Lakes 5,330.06 5,667.25 279.7505 267.067 28.2 32.6 19.0529 189.0093 17.3082 21.2203 173.842 18.9118 11.4% -8.0% 9.3%
92 Nisga'a 500.5 573 42 39 6 7 11.9167 83.4167 10.4271 14.6923 81.8571 12.4565 23.3% -1.9% 19.5%
93 CSF 2,682 2,964 187.857 199.659 19.7 27 14.2768 136.1421 12.9218 14.8453 109.7778 13.0769 4.0% -19.4% 1.2%
(All) 587,197.83 575,642.63 33182.8186 30719.9779 2746.76 2624.9694 17.6958 213.7784 16.343 18.7384 219.295 17.2633 5.89% 2.58% 5.63%

Sources: Ministry of Education Standard Reports # 2063 and #2077
Teacher includes Teachers, Department Heads, Instructional Support Services and Testing & Assessment
Admin includes Principals, Vice Principals, and Directors of Instruction
Educator includes all teachers and administrators

At the provincial level, the student/educator ratio has increased by 5.6% since 2001. As shown in the graph below, the student/educator ratio has been steadily increasing, from 16.3 in 2000–01 to a high of 17.3 in 2003–04, its highest point since teachers unionized in 1987. The period of decline beginning in 1997–98 corresponds with the inclusion in the provincial collective agreement of class-size limits and ratios for non-enrolling and English as a Second Language teachers. The subsequent increase corresponds with the removal of these staffing and class-size provisions from the collective agreement after the 2001 provincial election.

2004wlc03ratio

Teacher and administrator FTE data are available by district electronically from 2000–01 and in paper format from 1986–87. Contact BCTF Research if you would like more information.