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Teacher Worklife Research

This section includes a combination of research papers, articles and videos on teachers’ work and work/life balance in several countries with similarities to Canadian education and society.

International research

United States

National Education Association. (2010). Status of the American Public School Teacher 2005-2006. Washington, D.C.: NEA. [164 pages] PDF file; Acrobat Reader required. 

European Union

European Agency for Safety and Health at Work. (2008). E-Facts 31: Prevention of work-related stress in the education sector. [12 pages] PDF file; Acrobat Reader required. 

European Trade Union Committee for Education (ETUCE). (2007). Improving expertise on teachers’ work-related stress and assisting ETUCE member organisations in implementing the European Framework Agreement on work-related stress. (First ETUCE project on teachers’ work-related stress).

European Trade Union Committee for Education (ETUCE). (2009). Implementing the ETUCE Action Plan and the European Autonomous Agreement on work-related stress. (Second ETUCE project on teachers’ work-related stress).

United Kingdom

Angle, H., et al. (2008). Teachers’ Workloads Diary Survey. London: School Teachers’ Review Body. [55 pages] PDF file; Acrobat Reader required. 

Barmby, P. (2006). Improving teacher recruitment and retention: The importance of workload and pupil behaviour. Educational Research 48(3), 247-265. PDF file; Acrobat Reader required. 

Bricheno, P., Brown, S., and Lubansky, R. (2009). Teacher Wellbeing: A Review of the Evidence. London: Teacher Support Network. [88 pages]

Department for Education (UK). (2014). Teachers workload diary survey 2013. PDF file; Acrobat Reader required.

Dunlop, C.A. and Macdonald, E.B. (2004). The Teachers Health and Well-being Study Scotland. Edinburgh: NHS Health Scotland. [85 pages] PDF file; Acrobat Reader required. 

Hutchings, M., et al. (2009). Aspects of School Workforce Remodelling Strategies Used and Impact on Workload and Standards (Research Brief). London: Department for Children, Schools and Families. [14 pages] PDF file; Acrobat Reader required.  

NASUWT. (2011). Managing your mental health and wellbeing:NASUWT advice to teachers and school leaders. PDF file; Acrobat Reader required. 

NASUWT. (2011). Raising standards? A survey of the working conditions of teachers in Northern Ireland.  PDF file; Acrobat Reader required. 

NASUWT. (2006). Teachers’ workload and working hours: A survey of teachers in Scotland. PDF file; Acrobat Reader required.  

NASUWT. (2008). Workload audit: The workload of teachers and headteachers in England and Wales. PDF file; Acrobat Reader required. 

NASUWT. (2005). Workload, working conditions and work/life balance: A survey of teachers in Wales. PDF file; Acrobat Reader required. 

Stoeber, Joachim and Rennert, Dirk. (2008). Perfectionism in school teachers: Relations with stress appraisals, coping styles and burnout. Anxiety, Stress and Coping 21(1), 37-53. PDF file; Acrobat Reader required. 

Teacher Support Network and the University of Kent. (2010). Teachers’ wellbeing and stress at work. PDF file; Acrobat Reader required. 

Australia

Ingvarson, L., et al. (2005). Secondary Teacher Workload Study Report. Melbourne: Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER). [192 pages] 

Wilkinson, J., Ingvarson, L., Kleinhenz, E., and Beavis, A. (2005). Primary Teacher Work Study Report. Melbourne: Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER). 

Williamson, J. (2010). ‘One man’s meat is another man’s poison’: Workplace and teacher influences on work lives. [Paper presented at AERA Teacher Work/Teacher Unions SIG Roundtable: The Education Worker and Changes in Teaching as Work, AERA Annual Meeting, April 30 – May 4 2010, Denver, Colorado] PDF file; Acrobat Reader required. 

Comparative studies

JTU Institute for Education and Culture. (2008). An International Comparative Study on the Working Conditions of School Personnel. Slough, UK: National Foundation for Educational Research (NFER). [6 pages] PDF file; Acrobat Reader required. 

Montgomery, C. And Rupp, A.A. (2005). A meta-analysis for exploring the diverse causes and effects of stress in teachers. Canadian Journal of Education 28(3), 458-486. PDF file; Acrobat Reader required. 

Stress & work-life multimedia

The following "Teachers’ TV" videos about teachers’ workload and stress are from the UK.  While some of the terms used by teachers and the contexts in which they work are different to BC terms and contexts, the themes of stress and mental health are universal.  The videos offer a different way of illuminating and exploring issues of teacher stress and mental health, which may be of interest for individual viewing and for use in PD, and for these reasons are included in this study.

Teacher Mental Health

Advice Shop – Workload Problems

Stress Relief for Schools – Avoiding Burnout

Work/Life Balance

Wellbeing at Work – Coping With Excessive Workload

Times Educational Supplement (TES) articles

The Times Educational Supplement is a weekly UK publication reporting on elementary, secondary and post-secondary education. From time to time, the TES prints articles relating to teacher work-life.

Oxtoby, K. (2010, May 7). Apple for the teacher.

Roberts, L. (2010, Feb. 26). Teaching profession most likely to work overtime.

Stanley, J. (2010, Jan. 15). Under pressure.

Marley, D. (2010, Sept. 18). The 50 Hours-Plus Profession.

Jones, S. (2009, May 1). Why do I feel guilty if I go home in daylight?  

Fitzpatrick, M. (2009, Mar. 13). Welcome to land of the 14-hour day.

Dorrell, E. (2009, Feb. 27). Staff urged to take the day off from unpaid overtime.

Blower, C. (2009, Feb. 27). Today it’s time to take stock of all the hours we give.

Kent, M. (2009, Jan. 2). Vicki given the freedom to breathe.

Mansell, W. (2008, Dec. 5). Work-shy? What an insult to teachers.

Stewart, W. (2008, Aug. 29). Workload deal ignored.

Milner, J. (2008, Aug. 22). ...and pressure keeps piling up.

Pope, R. (2008, Aug. 15). You’ve acted the part, enjoy the intermission.

Barclay, L. (2008, June 27). Surviving the summer term blues.

Wilby, P. (2008, May 16). What next, schools open 24/7 like supermarkets?

Young, S. (2008, Apr. 25). Braced for a second wind.

Bloom, A. (2008, Mar. 28). Reluctant reps have no time for activism.

TES Magazine

Frankel, H. (2010, Mar. 5). To be honest...  

(2010, Jan. 29). First step – Balancing act.

Nash, P. (2010, Jan. 23). Taming the beast.

Frankel, H. (2010, Jan. 15). I’m not good enough.

Morrison, N. (2009, Nov. 13). Why So Blue?

(2009, Oct. 30). First Step – Take a deep breath.
 

Compiled by Emily O'Neill, BCTF Information Services. 

 

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